Monet, Claude

   A leading figure of the impressionist movement, Claude Monet was born in Paris and completed his education in Le Havre. In 1856, eugène boudin noticed his talent and encouraged him to paint out of doors. Monet met camille pissarro in Paris and, after military service in Algeria, where he discovered the Mediterranean light, Monet returned to the studios where he met auguste renoir, Frédéric bazille, and Alfred Sisley and went to paint with them at Chailly-en-Bière, near Fontainebleau. He also stayed for a time on the Norman coast with Boudin and the Dutch artist Johann Jongkind. strongly influenced by the style and vision of Edouard manet, Monet painted in 1865 a version of Luncheon on the Grass that was critiqued by Gustave courbet. After an initial success at the Paris Salon of 1866 (Camille, or Woman in the Green Dress), followed by a rejection in 1867 (Women in the Garden, 1866), he painted portraits, interior scenes, and especially landscapes, showing a progressive evolution away from Courbet and the Barbizon painters. Staying in London during the franco-prussian war (1870-71), Monet discovered John Constable and Joseph Turner and sought in his work to convey the foggy atmosphere of the city (WestminsterBridge). He then returned to France via Holland and settled at Argenteuil (1872-76). Painting on his studio-boat, he studied the air and light and its reflection on the water, and subtly sought to convey their impression. With other artists, he organized a showing of works rejected by the official Paris salon. His Impression:Sunrise (1872), shown in 1874, inspired a revue in Charivari in which the term "impressionist" was (pejoratively) introduced. At Argentueil, Monet painted some of his most characteristic works (Régates d'Argenteuil, 1874; The Seine at Argenteuil, 1874). In 1880, Monet declined to show at the fifth impressionist exhibition; after this, to study the variations of form following changes in daylight, he produced a series of paintings (Haystacks, 1890; Rouen Cathedral, 1892-1904; Banks of the Thames, 1899-1904) in which he subtly changed the color of the subject and completed the demolition of the academic notion of form. Monet, who wanted to show, in his words, "an instant in the consciousness of the world," can be considered, too, a precursor of lyrical abstractionism.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monet, Claude — born Nov. 14, 1840, Paris, France died Dec. 5, 1926, Giverny French landscape painter. Monet spent his early years in Le Havre, where his first teacher, Eugène Boudin, taught him to paint in the open air. Moving to Paris, he formed lifelong… …   Universalium

  • Monet, Claude — ► (1840 1926) Pintor francés, uno de los más representativos del impresionismo, a cuya escuela dio nombre su cuadro Impresión, sol naciente. Monet siente gran amor por el paisaje y el mar y le interesa el incesante cambiar de la luz en las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Monet,Claude — Mo·net (mō nāʹ, mô ), Claude. 1840 1926. French painter and founder of impressionism who captured on canvas his spontaneous reaction to landscapes and outdoor events. He created several series of paintings, such as Water Lilies (1899 1925), that… …   Universalium

  • Monet — Monet, Claude …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Claude Monet — auf einer Aufnahme von Nadar aus dem Jahr 1899 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Oscar Monet — Claude Monet auf einer Aufnahme von Nadar aus dem Jahr 1899 Selbstbildnis, 1917, Musée d’Orsay in Paris Claude Monet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude monet — Claude Oscar Monet Claude Monet par Nadar en 1899 Naissance 14 novembre 1840 Paris Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude — Claude, Albert Claude, Georges * * * (as used in expressions) Aron, Raymond (Claude Ferdinand) Bernard, Claude Chabrol, Claude Claude Michel Debussy, (Achille) Claude William Claude Dukenfield Helvetius, Claude Adrien Killy, Jean Claude Ledoux,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Monet — (Claude) (1840 1926) peintre français; chef de file de l impressionnisme. En compagnie de ses amis Renoir, Sisley, Bazille, il découvre le paysage (v. 1863) et capte le jeu de la lumière en posant les couleurs par touches distinctes. Son tableau… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Claude Monet — Este artículo o sección necesita una revisión de ortografía y gramática. Puedes colaborar editándolo (lee aquí sugerencias para mejorar tu ortografía). Cuando se haya corregido, borra este aviso por favor. No debe confundirse con Monnet …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.